The effect of clinical and haemodynamic variables on post-operative length of stay immediately upon admission after biventricular repair with Yasui operation following an earlier Norwood operation
Loomba RS, Dyamenahalli U, Savorgnan F, et al. The effect of clinical and haemodynamic variables on post-operative length of stay immediately upon admission after biventricular repair with Yasui operation following an earlier Norwood operation. Cardiol Young. 2023;33(10):2066-2071. doi:10.1017/S1047951122003948
Background: There are a variety of approaches to biventricular repair in neonates and infants with adequately sized ventricles and left-sided obstruction in the presence of a ventricular septal defect. Those who undergo this in a staged manner initially undergo a Norwood procedure followed by a ventricular septal defect closure such that the neo-aorta is entirely committed to the left ventricle and placement of a right ventricular to pulmonary artery conduit (Yasui operation). This study aimed to determine clinical and haemodynamic factors upon paediatric cardiac ICU admission immediately after the two-stage Yasui operation that was associated with post-operative length of stay.
Methods: This was a retrospective review of patients who underwent the Yasui procedure after the initial Norwood operation between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2020. Patients with complete data on admission were identified and analysed using Bayesian regression analysis.
Results: A total of 15 patients were included. The median age was 9.0 months and post-operative length of stay was 6days. Bayesian regression analysis demonstrated that age, weight, heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, central venous pressure, pulse oximetry, cerebral near infrared spectroscopy, renal near infrared spectroscopy, pH, pCO2, ionised calcium, and serum lactate were all associated with post-operative length of stay.
Conclusion: Discrete clinical and haemodynamic factors upon paediatric cardiac ICU admission after staged Yasui completion are associated with post-operative length of stay. Clinical target ranges can be developed and seem consistent with the notion that greater systemic oxygen delivery is associated with lower post-operative length of stay.