A rare case of metastasis of gastric adenocarcinoma to the leptomeninges
Doshi K, James E. A Rare Case of Metastasis of Gastric Adenocarcinoma to the Leptomeninges. Cureus. 2023;15(4):e37120. Published 2023 Apr 4. doi:10.7759/cureus.37120
Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis (LMC) is defined as the diffuse infiltration of malignant cells throughout the pia and arachnoid membrane. LMC is commonly observed in patients with leukemia, lymphoma, and breast and lung cancer. The prevalence of LMC spread in patients with primary gastric malignancy is very rare. Due to its devastating neurological complications and high mortality, it is difficult to assess the associated clinical features, treatment outcomes, and prognostic factors. Current treatment options include intra-thecal chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and supportive care with a median survival of three to four months. LMC is a rare manifestation of gastric cancer and is an extremely fatal disease. Therefore, it is difficult to distinguish LMC from other neurological etiologies. We present a unique case of an individual who presented with headaches and was found to have LMC.