A review of recent pharmacological advances in the management of diabetes-associated peripheral neuropathy


Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center


Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is a common complication of longstanding diabetes mellitus. These neuropathies can present in various forms, and with the increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus, a subsequent increase in peripheral neuropathy cases has been noted. Peripheral neuropathy has a significant societal and economic burden, with patients requiring concomitant medication and often experiencing a decline in their quality of life. There is currently a wide variety of pharmacological interventions, including serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors, gapentanoids, sodium channel blockers, and tricyclic antidepressants. These medications will be discussed, as well as their respective efficacies. Recent advances in the treatment of diabetes mellitus with incretin system-modulating drugs, specifically glucagon-like peptide-1 agonists, have been promising, and their potential implication in the treatment of peripheral diabetic neuropathy is discussed in this review.



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