Techniques for cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with congenital heart disease
Zimmerman FJ, Gamboa D. Techniques for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy in Patients with Congenital Heart Disease. Card Electrophysiol Clin. 2023;15(4):447-455. doi:10.1016/j.ccep.2023.07.003
Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) for congenital heart disease has shown promising suucess as an adjunct to medical therapy for heart failure. While cardiac conduction defects and need for ventricular pacing are common in congential heart disease, CRT indications, techniques and long term outcomes have not been well establaished. This is a review of the techniques nad short term outcomes of CRT for the following complex congenital heart disease conditions: single ventricle physiology, systemic right ventricle, and the subpulmonic right ventricle.