Propofol in the pediatric intensive care unit, a safe and effective agent in reducing pain and sedation infusions: A single-center retrospective study
Uppuluri S, Villarreal EG, Dorsey V, et al. Propofol in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, a Safe and Effective Agent in Reducing Pain and Sedation Infusions: A Single-Center Retrospective Study. Cureus. 2022;14(8):e27925. Published 2022 Aug 12. doi:10.7759/cureus.27925
Introduction Propofol has long been used as an anesthetic agent during pediatric surgery. Its use in pediatric intensive care units has been largely controversial. A beneficial use of propofol is to facilitate weaning of other pain and sedation infusions such as opiates and benzodiazepines. However, some have advocated to not use propofol due to fear of possible adverse effects including propofol infusion syndrome and hemodynamic instability. The purpose of this study was to determine both the safety of propofol infusions in critically ill pediatric patients, as well as the change in the requirement of other pain and sedation infusions by use of a propofol infusion. Methods Single-center, retrospective data (January 2011 to January 2020) was obtained manually using a study-specific data extraction tool created for electronic medical records. The data obtained included variables of interest that measured physiological parameters and pain/sedation infusion (morphine, fentanyl, hydromorphone, midazolam, and dexmedetomidine) rates during three time periods: before propofol initiation, immediately after discontinuation, and four hours after discontinuation. The physiological parameters were then compared to the pain and sedation infusion rates using paired Wilcoxon signed-rank tests. Results There was a total of 33 patients with an average age of 11.1 years who were given a median initial propofol infusion of 50 mcg/kg/min with a peak dose of 75 mcg/kg/min over an average of eight hours. Age had a weak and insignificant correlation with initial rate and duration and a moderate and significant correlation with peak rate and duration. Physiological parameters did not vary at any time point measured. There was a significant reduction in other pain and sedation infusions after discontinuation of propofol. Conclusion Propofol infusions are hemodynamically tolerated and the majority of patients who are on other pain and sedation infusions tolerate complete discontinuation of these infusions following propofol discontinuation.