A multi-institutional phase II trial of bevacizumab for recurrent and refractory meningioma
Kumthekar P, Grimm SA, Aleman RT, et al. A multi-institutional phase II trial of bevacizumab for recurrent and refractory meningioma. Neurooncol Adv. 2022;4(1):vdac123. Published 2022 Aug 19. doi:10.1093/noajnl/vdac123
Background: Systemic therapies for refractory meningiomas are limited with no FDA-approved therapeutics. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a signaling protein associated with neovascularization, peritumoral edema, and meningioma tumorigenesis.
Methods: This phase II study investigates the efficacy of bevacizumab (BEV), a VEGF binding monoclonal antibody, in patients with progressive Grade I (G1M), Grade II (G2M), Grade III (G3M) meningioma, and other non-parenchymal tumors including vestibular schwannoma (n = 4) and hemangiopericytoma (n = 4) with the primary endpoint of progression-free survival rate at 6-months (PFS-6). Non-meningiomas were included with the respective meningioma grade in the analysis. Secondary endpoints include median overall survival (mOS) and response rate.
Results: Fifty Patients (26 women; median age 54 years; range 23-81), 42 with progressive meningioma were treated: 10 G1M, 20 G2M, and 12 G3M. Prior treatments include surgical resection (41 patients), radiosurgery (24 patients), external beam radiotherapy (28 patients), and chemotherapy (14 patients). Median infusions administered were 16 (range, 2-68). Response was graded using the Macdonald's criteria. PFS-6, median PFS, and mOS were 87%, 22 months, 35 months for G1M; 77%, 23 months, 41 months for G2M; and 46%, 8 months, 12 months for G3M. Best radiographic responses include stable disease (G1M: 100%; G2M: 85%; G3M: 82%); partial response (G1M: 0%; G2M: 5%; G3M: 0%) and progressive disease (G1M: 0%; G2M: 10%; G3M:18%). The most common toxicities were hypertension (n = 19, 42.2%), proteinuria (n = 16, 35.6%), and fatigue (n = 14, 31.1%).
Conclusion: This study showed BEV is well tolerated and appears to be a promising systemic treatment option for patients with recurrent and refractory meningiomas.