Frontal arteriovenous malformation presenting as painful unilateral conjunctiva injection
Harkins A, Bassig-Santos C, Cirone M. Frontal Arteriovenous Malformation Presenting as Painful Unilateral Conjunctiva Injection. Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med. 2022;6(1):96-98. doi:10.5811/cpcem.2021.10.54268
Case presentation: Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) have a variety of clinically significant manifestations. This report details a patient who presented with unilateral conjunctiva injection, which was found to be due to an atypical manifestation of an AVM with a large draining vein mimicking carotid cavernous fistula.
Discussion: While imaging for patients presenting with eye pain and unilateral conjunctiva injection is not always warranted, emergency physicians should keep their differential diagnosis broad and pursue additional workup when warning signs of more sinister pathology present.