Association between lung fluid levels estimated by remote dielectric sensing values and invasive hemodynamic measurements
Imamura T, Hori M, Ueno Y, et al. Association between Lung Fluid Levels Estimated by Remote Dielectric Sensing Values and Invasive Hemodynamic Measurements. J Clin Med. 2022;11(5):1208. Published 2022 Feb 23. doi:10.3390/jcm11051208
Background: Remote dielectric sensing (ReDS™) is an electromagnetic-based technology used to noninvasively measure lung fluid levels. The association between ReDS values and invasively measured hemodynamics, particularly among those with small physics, remains unknown.
Methods: Consecutive patients with chronic heart failure who were admitted to our institute and underwent invasive right heart catheterization as well as simultaneous ReDS measurement at clinically stable conditions between September and November 2021 were prospectively included. The colinearity between ReDS values and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure was studied.
Results: In total, 30 patients (median 79 (73, 84) years old, 13 men) were included. Median ReDS value was 26% (22%, 28%). ReDS values had a moderate collinearity with pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (r = 0.698, p < 0.001), even among those with a body height < 155 cm. ReDS values with a cutoff of 28% predicted a pulmonary capillary wedge pressure > 15 mmHg with sensitivity 0.70 and specificity 0.75.
Conclusions: An electromagnetic-based engineering ReDS might be a potential tool to estimate cardiac pressure in patients with heart failure, including those with small physics.