Intravascular treatment of long segments of experimental peripheral arteries with multiple, serial, balloon-expandable, resorbable scaffolds
El Khoury R, Tzvetanov I, Estrada EA, et al. Intravascular treatment of long segments of experimental peripheral arteries with multiple, serial, balloon-expandable, resorbable scaffolds. JVS Vasc Sci. 2022;3:205-210. Published 2022 Mar 28. doi:10.1016/j.jvssci.2022.03.002
Symptomatic femoropopliteal occlusive disease has been increasingly treated using endovascular methods. However, restenosis, especially after implantation of permanent metallic stents, has remained common. To date, resorbable scaffolds have failed to achieve sufficient radial strength to enable the successful treatment of long, mobile, peripheral arteries. In the present nonsurvival, large animal experiment, a novel device consisting of multiple, short, serial, balloon-expandable, bioresorbable scaffolds was deployed in arteries subjected to supraphysiologic deformation. Compared with native vessels, the scaffolded arteries continued to bend (113° ± 19° vs 110° ± 20°; = .10) and shorten (15% ± 15% vs 20% ± 14%; = .16), unencumbered by the placement of the investigational device. The mean luminal diameter of the scaffolded arteries was preserved without kinks or occlusions in exaggerated flexion (4.7 ± 0.7 vs 4.7 ± 0.5 mm in extension vs flexion; = .80). Arterial deformation was borne by shortening of the interscaffold spaces (2.2 ± 0.8 mm vs 1.9 ± 0.7 mm in extension vs flexion; < .01) and the scaffolds themselves (10.7 ± 1.4 mm vs 9.9 ± 1.1 mm in extension vs flexion; < .01). The results from the present study challenge the perceived limitations of balloon-expandable devices implanted in peripheral mobile arteries. We have presented a bioresorbable scaffold that combines sufficient radial strength to preserve the mean luminal diameter with movement and the flexibility to accommodate femoropopliteal deformation.