Minimum 2-year outcomes of a novel 3D-printed fully porous titanium acetabular shell in revision total hip arthroplasty


Aurora Orthopedics, Aurora Medical Center-Kenosha


Background: Fully porous acetabular shells are an appealing choice for patients with extensive acetabular defects undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty (rTHA). This study reports on the early outcomes of a novel 3-D printed fully porous titanium acetabular shell in revision acetabular reconstruction.

Methods: A multicenter retrospective study of patients who received a fully porous titanium acetabular shell for rTHA with a minimum of 2 years of follow-up was conducted. The primary outcome was rate of acetabular revision.

Results: The final study cohort comprised 68 patients with a mean age of 67.6 years (standard deviation 10.4) and body mass index of 29.5 kg/m2 (standard deviation 5.9). Ninety-four percent had a preoperative Paprosky defect grade of 2A or higher. The average follow-up duration was 3.0 years (range 2.0-5.1). Revision-free survivorship at 2 years was 81% for all causes, 88% for acetabular revisions, and 90% for acetabular revision for aseptic acetabular shell failure. Eight shells were explanted within 2 years (12%): 3 for failure of osseointegration/aseptic loosening (4%) after 15, 17, and 20 months; 3 for infection (4%) after 1, 3, and 6 months; and 2 for instability (3%). At the latest postoperative follow-up, all unrevised shells showed radiographic signs of osseointegration, and none had migrated.

Conclusions: This novel 3-D printed fully porous titanium shell in rTHA demonstrated good survivorship and osseointegration when used in complex acetabular reconstruction at a minimum of 2 years.

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