Association of immediate postoperative hemodynamic and laboratory values in predicting Norwood admission outcomes
Loomba RS, Dyamenahalli U, Savorgnan F, et al. Association of Immediate Postoperative Hemodynamic and Laboratory Values in Predicting Norwood Admission Outcomes [published online ahead of print, 2022 Nov 9]. Pediatr Cardiol. 2022;10.1007/s00246-022-03044-2. doi:10.1007/s00246-022-03044-2
The primary objective of this study was to determine whether or not hemodynamic parameters and laboratory values at the time of admission to the pediatric cardiac intensive care unit after the Norwood operation were associated with a composite outcome of either need for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation or inpatient mortality. This was a single-center retrospective study of infants with functionally univentricular hearts admitted to intensive care after the Norwood procedure from January 2011 to January 2020. Data were obtained at a single point (after a Norwood procedure) and then compared between two subsets of patients based on the presence or not of the composite outcome of interest. In univariate and multiple regression analyses, a series of receiver operator curves were generated to assess the relationship between the variables of interest and the composite outcome. Eight (7.6%) experienced the composite outcome out of a total of 104 patients. Those who experienced the composite endpoint had significantly higher oxygen extraction ratio (0.43 vs. 0.31, p = 0.01), lower systemic blood flow (2.5 L/min versus 3.1 L/min, p = 0.01), and higher systemic vascular resistance (20.2 indexed woods units versus 14.8 indexed woods units, p = 0.01). Those with systemic blood flow of less than 2.5 L/min/m2 had a 17% risk of experiencing the composite endpoint AUC = 0.79. Those with systemic vascular resistance of greater than 19 indexed woods units had a 22% risk of experiencing the composite endpoint AUC 0.80. Systemic blood flow and systemic vascular resistance are independently associated with this composite outcome.