Prognostic implication of small dense LDL-cholesterol levels following acute coronary syndrome


Advocate Christ Medical Center


Background and Objectives: Small dense LDL cholesterol is a strong risk factor for atherosclerosis. However, few studies have investigated the impacts of this specific lipid profile on the incident risk of adverse cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndrome.

Materials and Methods: Patients with acute coronary syndrome, who underwent revascularization, were included and followed for 2 years. The levels of small dense LDL cholesterol were measured at index discharge (day 0) in the setting of newly administered therapies for secondary prevention, including aspirin and statins, during the index hospitalization. The prognostic impact of small dense LDL-cholesterol levels on the risk of a primary composite endpoint, including cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, unstable angina pectoris, stroke, and heart failure, was investigated.

Results: In total, 46 patients (median 75 (59, 83) years old, 63% men) were included. Median small dense LDL cholesterol was 19.4 (13.5, 23.8) mg/dL at index discharge. All patients initiated statin treatment before the index discharge, with a median LDL-cholesterol level of 77 (64, 109) mg/dL. Small dense LDL-cholesterol level was independently associated with an incremental risk for the primary endpoint (p < 0.05 by adjusting for several potential risk factors, including LDL cholesterol) with a cutoff of 32.6 mg/dL.

Conclusions: Small dense LDL-cholesterol level was a significant risk factor for cardiovascular events following presentations of acute coronary syndrome.

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