Outcomes of in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation in morbidly obese patients


Aurora Cardiovascular Services

Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke’s Medical Centers

Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani Center for Integrative Research on Cardiovascular Aging

Aurora Research Institute


OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the impact of morbid obesity on outcomes in patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA).

BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with increased risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest; however, little is known about survival of morbidly obese patients with IHCA.

METHODS: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2001 to 2008, we identified adult patients undergoing resuscitation for IHCA, including those with morbid obesity (body mass index ≥40 kg/m 2 ) by using International Classification of Diseases 9th edition codes and clinical outcomes. Outcomes including in-hospital mortality, length of stay, and discharge dispositions were identified. Logistic regression model was used to examine the independent association of morbid obesity with mortality.

RESULTS: Of 1,293,071 IHCA cases, 27,469 cases (2.1%) were morbidly obese. The overall mortality was significantly higher for the morbidly obese group than for the nonobese group experiencing in-hospital non-ventricular fibrillation (non-VF) (77% vs. 73%, respectively; p = 0.006) or VF (65% vs. 58%, respectively; p = 0.01) arrest particularly if cardiac arrest happened late (>7 days) after hospitalization. Discharge to home was significantly lower in the morbidly obese group (21% vs. 31%, respectively; p = 0.04). After we adjusted for baseline variables, morbid obesity remained an independent predictor of increased mortality. Other independent predictors of mortality were age and severe sepsis for non-VF and VF group and venous thromboembolism, cirrhosis, stroke, malignancy, and rheumatologic conditions for non-VF group.

CONCLUSIONS: The overall mortality of morbidly obese patients after IHCA is worse than that for nonobese patients, especially if IHCA occurs after 7 days of hospitalization and survivors are more likely to be transferred to a skilled nursing facility.

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