Evaluating the effects of socioeconomic status on stroke and bleeding risk scores and clinical events in patients on oral anticoagulant for new onset atrial fibrillation
Ravvaz K, Weissert JA, Jahangir A, Ruff CT. Evaluating the effects of socioeconomic status on stroke and bleeding risk scores and clinical events in patients on oral anticoagulant for new onset atrial fibrillation. PLoS One. 2021;16(3):e0248134.
BACKGROUND: The risk of thromboembolism and bleeding before initiation of oral anticoagulant (OAC) in atrial fibrillation patients is estimated by CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scoring system, respectively. Patients' socioeconomic status (SES) could influence these risks, but its impact on the two risk scores' predictive performance with respect to clinical events remains unknown. Our objective was to determine if patient SES defined by area deprivation index (ADI), in conjunction with CHA2DS2-VASc and HAS-BLED scores, could guide oral anticoagulation therapy.
METHODS AND FINDINGS: The study cohort included newly diagnosed patients with AF who were treated with warfarin. The cohort was stratified by the time in therapeutic range of INR (TTR), ADI, CHA2DS2-VASc, and HAS-BLED risk scores. TTR and ischemic and bleeding events during the first year of therapy were compared across subpopulations. Among 7274 patients, those living in the two most deprived quintiles (ADI ≥60%) had a significantly higher risk of ischemic events and those in the most deprived quintile (ADI≥80%) had a significantly increased risk of bleeding events. ADI significantly improved the predictive performance of CHA2DS2-VASc but not HAS-BLED risk scores.
CONCLUSION: ADI can predict increased risk for ischemic and bleeding events in the first year of warfarin therapy in patients with incident AF.