Title

Speckle- tracking echocardiography for the staging of diastolic dysfunction: the correlation between strain-based indices and the severity of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction

Affiliations

Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center

Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center

Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center

Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center

Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Left ventricular diastolic function can be assessed by various methods. Tissue Doppler imaging is among the most commonly used techniques. However, this imaging is angle- dependent, affected by loading conditions, and susceptible to myocardial tethering. Speckle- tracking echocardiography also can measure strain-based indices to assess diastolic function, and it has fewer limitations than tissue Doppler imaging. Using speckle- tracking echocardiography, the authors evaluated the correlation between the stage of diastolic dysfunction and strain-based indices in patients undergoing cardiac surgery to determine whether strain-based indices can be used intraoperatively to identify the extent of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction.

DESIGN: Retrospective clinical study.

SETTING: Single university hospital.

PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-eight patients undergoing cardiac surgery (December 2017 to December 2019).

INTERVENTIONS: None. Measurement and Main Result: Preoperative echocardiographic reports and intraoperative echocardiographic images of the participants were studied. The correlation between the stage of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction and strain-based indices (including early diastolic peak longitudinal strain and tissue deceleration time) were evaluated. Early diastolic peak longitudinal strain rate significantly correlated with the stage of diastolic dysfunction (r = -0.7 and p < 0.0001). Tissue deceleration time significantly correlated with the stage of diastolic dysfunction in patients with diastolic abnormality (r = -0.4 and p = 0.02). When patients with normal diastolic function were included, this correlation was not significant (r= -0.25 and p = 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperatively measured early diastolic peak longitudinal strain rate and tissue deceleration time correlated with the severity of diastolic dysfunction in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Document Type

Article

PubMed ID

32753329

DOI

10.1053/j.jvca.2020.06.081

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