Implication of hemodynamic assessment during durable left ventricular assist device support


Advocate Christ Medical Center


© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Durable left ventricular assist device therapy has improved survival in patients with advanced heart failure refractory to conventional medical therapy, although the readmission rates due to device-related comorbidities remain high. Left ventricular assist devices are designed to support a failing left ventricle through relief of congestion and improvement of cardiac output. However, many patients still have abnormal hemodynamics even though they may appear to be clinically stable. Furthermore, such abnormal hemodynamics are associated with an increased risk of future adverse events including recurrent heart failure, gastrointestinal bleeding, stroke, and pump thrombosis. Correction of residual hemodynamic derangements post-implantation may be a target in improving longitudinal clinical outcomes during left ventricular assist device support. Automatic and timely device speed adjustments considering a patients’ hemodynamic status (i.e., with a smart pump) are potential improvements in forthcoming devices.

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