Tissue doppler imaging (E/e') and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure in patients with severe aortic stenosis
Kagemoto Y, Ferrufino RA, Lyvers JT, et al. Tissue doppler imaging (E/e’) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure in patients with severe aortic stenosis. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2021;35(6):1646-1653. doi: 10.1053/j.jvca.2021.01.051
Objective: Although American and European consensus statements advocate using the ratio of the transmitral E velocity and tissue Doppler early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E/e') in the assessment of left-sided heart filling pressures, recent reports have questioned the reliability of this ratio to predict left atrial pressures in a variety of disease states. The authors hypothesized that there is a clinically significant correlation between E/e' and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) in patients with severe aortic stenosis.
Design: Retrospective cohort study.
Participants: The study comprised 733 consecutive patients with severe aortic stenosis who underwent transcatheter aortic valve replacement for severe aortic stenosis.
Measurements and main results: PCWP and E/e'ave (average of the lateral and medial annulus tissue Doppler velocities) were measured with a pulmonary artery catheter and transthoracic echocardiography during preprocedural evaluation. Patients were grouped by left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≥50% and LVEF <50%. Spearman rank correlation, analysis of variance, and t and chi-square tests were used to analyze the data. Seventy-nine patients met the inclusion criteria. There was no significant correlation between E/e'ave and PCWP (n = 79, Spearman r = 0.096; p = 0.3994). This correlation did not improve when ventricular function was considered (LVEF <50%: n = 11, Spearman r = -0.097; p = 0.776 and LVEF ≥50%: n = 68, Spearman r = 0.116; p = 0.345). There was no statistically significant difference in mean PCWP between each range of E/e'ave.
Conclusion: A clinically relevant relationship between E/e' and PCWP was not observed in patients with severe aortic stenosis.