Remote hemodynamic monitoring equally reduces heart failure hospitalizations in women and men in clinical practice: a sex-specific analysis of the CardioMEMS post-approval study


Advocate Heart Institute


BACKGROUND: Response to pharmacological and device-based therapy for heart failure (HF) may vary by sex. We examined sex differences in response to ambulatory hemodynamic monitoring in clinical practice using the CardioMEMS PAS (Post-Approval Study).

METHODS: The CardioMEMS PAS was a prospective, single-arm, multicenter, open-label study of 1200 adults with New York Heart Association class III HF and at least 1 HF hospitalization (HFH) within 12 months who underwent pulmonary artery pressure sensor implantation between 2014 and 2017. Changes in pulmonary artery pressure over time were stratified by ejection fraction

RESULTS: Four hundred fifty-two women (38% of total) enrolled in the PAS were less likely to be White (78% versus 86%) and more likely to have nonischemic cardiomyopathy (44% versus 34%) and had significantly higher SBP (132 versus 124 mm Hg), mean ejection fraction (44% versus 36%), and pulmonary vascular resistance (3.2 versus 2.6 WU) than men (

CONCLUSIONS: Women and men enrolled in the CardioMEMS PAS had similar reductions from baseline in pulmonary artery pressure over 1 year and experienced similar reductions in HFH. Hemodynamic monitoring provides similar benefit with regard to HF events in both women and men. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02279888.

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