Resting global myocardial work can improve interpretation of exercise stress echocardiography
Edwards NFA, Scalia GM, Sabapathy S, et al. Resting global myocardial work can improve interpretation of exercise stress echocardiography. Int J Cardiovasc Imaging. 2021;37(8):2409-2417. doi:10.1007/s10554-021-02216-0
Sensitivity and specificity of ESE to determine hemodynamically significant coronary artery disease (CAD) is limited by subjective qualitative interpretation resulting in false-positive results. The objective of this study was to determine whether resting myocardial work estimated from non-invasive left ventricular pressure-strain loops can help improve the interpretation of exercise stress echocardiography (ESE). Resting global myocardial work was performed on 288 patients referred for clinically indicated ESE with no resting regional wall motion abnormalities and normal ejection fraction (≥ 55%). Coronary angiography was used to validate the presence of significant CAD in those with a positive ESE. Resting global myocardial work index (GWI) was significantly reduced (p < 0.001) in patients with true-positive (1544 ± 354 mmHg%) compared to negative (1819 ± 317 mmHg%) and false-positive (1857 ± 344 mmHg%) ESE. A GWI of ≤ 1391 mmHg (AUC 0.73; sensitivity 94%; specificity 73%) predicted true-positive ESE. Predictors of a true-positive ESE were (1) lower myocardial work efficiency (odds ratio 0.731, 95% CI 0.58-0.92, p = 0.007), (2) lower GWI (odds ratio 0.997, 95% CI 0.996-0.999, p = 0.006) (3) male gender (odds ratio 5.47, 95% CI 1.84-16.31, p = 0.002) and (4) E/e' ratio (odds ratio 1.15, CI 1.01-1.31, p = 0.032). Myocardial work is a potentially valuable quantitative parameter that provides incremental value over qualitative ESE interpretation and improves appropriate patient selection for coronary angiography.