Five-year outcomes of transcatheter reduction of significant mitral regurgitation in high-surgical-risk patients
Kar S, Feldman T, Qasim A, et al. Five-year outcomes of transcatheter reduction of significant mitral regurgitation in high-surgical-risk patients. Heart. 2019; 105(21):1622-1628. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2017-312605.
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the 5-year clinical outcomes of transcatheter mitral valve (MV) repair with the MitraClip device in patients at high risk for MV surgery treated in the Endovascular Valve Edge-to-Edge Repair (EVEREST) II High Risk Study (HRS).
METHODS: Patients with mitral regurgitation (MR) 3+ or 4+ and predicted surgical mortality risk ≥12% or surgeon assessment based on prespecified high-risk factors were enrolled. Patients prospectively consented to 5 years of follow-up.
RESULTS: At 5 years, clinical follow-up was achieved in 90% of 78 enrolled patients. The rate of postprocedural adverse events declined from 30 days to 1 year follow-up and was stable thereafter through 5 years. Two patients (2.6%) developed mitral stenosis (MS). Two patients underwent MV surgery, including one due to MS. A total of 42 deaths were reported through 5 years. Effectiveness measures at 5 years showed reductions in MR severity to ≤2+ in 75% of patients (p=0.0107), left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic volume (-38.2 mL; 95% CI -55.0 to -21.4; p
CONCLUSIONS: The EVEREST II HRS demonstrated long-term safety and efficacy of MitraClip in high-surgical-risk patients through 5 years. The observed mortality was most likely a consequence of the advanced age and comorbidity profile of the enrolled patients, while improvements in NYHA class in surviving patients were durable through long-term follow-up.
TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01940120.