Effects of modified ultrafiltration on thromboelastographic profile after pediatric cardiac surgery
Abbas U, Loomba RS, Urbas C, Li Y, El-Zein C. Effects of Modified Ultrafiltration on Thromboelastographic Profile after Pediatric Cardiac Surgery. J Extra Corpor Technol. 2021 Mar;53(1):50-56. doi: 10.1182/ject-2000051. PMID: 33814606; PMCID: PMC7995622
Modified ultrafiltration (MUF) is still used after pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in some pediatric cardiac surgery centers to decrease transfusion requirements. Other potential benefits of MUF include clearance of inflammatory markers and improvement in myocardial function. Our hypothesis is that MUF will hemoconcentrate coagulation factors and improve thromboelastography (TEG) parameters after pediatric CPB. Patients younger than 6 months were prospectively enrolled over a year. TEG was carried out before MUF, after MUF, and after protamine administration. Paired t tests were conducted to compare values pre-MUF and post-MUF as well as post-MUF and post-protamine administration. Thirty patients were enrolled in the study, with 20 (67%) neonates in the cohort. Seven arterial switch operations and nine Norwood procedures were found to be performed among the cohort. Reaction time (R), angle (α), and maximum amplitude (MA) were significantly worse post-MUF compared with pre-MUF (p < .001). They improved significantly after protamine administration compared with post-MUF (p < .001). The amount of fluid removal was significantly associated with a worse post-MUF R, angle, and MA and worse post-protamine administration, angle, and MA but with no effect on post-protamine R. MUF caused worsening of TEG parameters that is reversed by protamine administration.