Microsurgical clipping of multiple cerebral aneurysms in the acute phase of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage through a minipterional approach: The Chilean experience
Martinez-Perez R, Tsimpas A, Cuevas JL, et al. Microsurgical clipping of multiple cerebral aneurysms in the acute phase of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage through a minipterional approach: The Chilean experience. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2020;198:106243. doi:10.1016/j.clineuro.2020.106243
Objective: The minipterional craniotomy (MPTc) has been widely accepted as a minimally invasive alternative to the pterional approach for the treatment of certain small non-ruptured anterior circulation aneurysms. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness and safety of the MPTc in the context of a complex and potentially harmful scenario: acute onset of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in patients harboring multiple intracranial aneurysms (MIA).
Methods: Patients harboring MIA clipped through a unilateral MPTc were selected from four retrospective databases of four high-volume neurosurgical centers. Patients with a Hunt & Hess score 4 or 5 were not considered candidates for clipping through a MPTc. Medical records and radiological images were retrospectively reviewed. Epidemiological, clinical and radiological data, as well as short-term outcome (modified Rankin scale at 6 month-follow-up) were analyzed.
Results: 16 patients harboring 33 aneurysms (16 ruptured, 17 non ruptured) met the inclusion criteria. Each aneurysm size was 5.7 ± 2.1 mm (range 3-11). 12 out of 33 aneurysms were located in the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Anterior communicating (ACom) and MCA aneurysms were the aneurysm locations most commonly ruptured (5 each, 62 %). Complete occlusion was achieved in 32 aneurysms (97 %) and near-complete occlusion in 1 (3%). 13 patients (93 %) were independent at 6 month-follow-up. Mortality rate was 0%. Complications included 1 cerebrospinal-fluid leakage.
Conclusion: When indicated (Hunt Hess < 4), performing a MPTc is safe and effective in aSAH cases with multiple aneurysms.