Magnetic resonance imaging fluid-attenuated inversion recovery sequence signal reduction after endoscopic endonasal transcribiform total resection of olfactory groove meningiomas.


Department of Neurosurgery, Aurora Neuroscience Innovation Institute


BACKGROUND: Olfactory groove meningiomas grow insidiously and compress adjacent cerebral structures. Achieving complete removal without further damage to frontal lobes can be difficult. Microsurgical removal of large lesions is a challenging procedure and usually involves some brain retraction. The endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEAs) for tumors arising from the anterior fossa have been well described; however, their effect on the adjacent brain tissue has not. Herein, the authors utilized the magnetic resonance imaging fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequence signal as a marker for edema and gliosis on pre- and post-operative images of olfactory groove meningiomas, thus presenting an objective parameter for brain injury after surgical manipulation.

METHODS: Imaging of 18 olfactory groove meningiomas removed through EEAs was reviewed. Tumor and pre/postoperative FLAIR signal volumes were assessed utilizing the DICOM image viewer OsiriX(®). Inclusion criteria were: (1) No previous treatment; (2) EEA gross total removal; (3) no further treatment.

RESULTS: There were 14 females and 4 males; the average age was 53.8 years (±8.85 years). Average tumor volume was 24.75 cm(3) (±23.26 cm(3), range 2.8-75.7 cm(3)), average preoperative FLAIR volume 31.17 cm(3) (±39.38 cm(3), range 0-127.5 cm(3)) and average postoperative change volume, 4.16 cm(3) (±6.18 cm(3), range 0-22.2 cm(3)). Average time of postoperative scanning was 6 months (range 0.14-20 months). In all cases (100%) gross total tumor removal was achieved. Nine patients (50%) had no postoperative FLAIR changes. In 2 patients (9%) there was minimal increase of changes postoperatively (2.2 cm(3) and 6 cm(3) respectively); all others demonstrated image improvement. The most common complication was postoperative cerebrospinal fluid leakage (27.8%); 1 patient (5.5%) died due to systemic complications and pulmonary sepsis.

CONCLUSIONS: FLAIR signal changes tend to resolve after endonasal tumor resection and do not seem to worsen with this operative technique.

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