A nurse shadowing program for physicians: Bridging the gap in understanding nursing roles
Johnson CM, Khan A, Stark S, Samee M. A Nurse Shadowing Program for Physicians: Bridging the Gap in Understanding Nursing Roles. J Nurs Adm. 2020;50(6):310-313. doi:10.1097/NNA.0000000000000890
OBJECTIVE: A physician-nurse shadow program was established to improve interdisciplinary collaboration.
BACKGROUND: Ineffective communication between physicians and nurses leads to poor outcomes in patient satisfaction, safety, and associate engagement. Physician unfamiliarity of the nursing process is identified as a root cause.
METHODS: First-year resident physicians shadowed nurses for a 4-hour shift. Residents did not function as a physician during the shadowing experience but participated in nursing workflow and tasks. Participants completed a Likert-scale rating and qualitative survey before and after the shift.
RESULTS: The survey measured confidence in communication and perception of workflow. Confidence levels increased in all areas by 29% for residents and 34% for nurses. Data demonstrated improved physician understanding of nursing workflow and inspired recommendations to enhance communication.
CONCLUSIONS: First-year resident physicians practiced direct communication skills and experienced hands-on nursing care during the shadow program. The initiative provided an environment for mutual learning and interdisciplinary relationship-building.