Title

Busulfan, melphalan, and bortezomib compared to melphalan as a high dose regimen for autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in multiple myeloma: long term follow up of a novel high dose regimen

Affiliations

Department of Hematology Oncology, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Abstract

Melphalan at a dose of 200 mg/m2 (MEL200) remains the standard high dose therapy before autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for multiple myeloma (MM). Intensifying the high dose regimen has shown promising results. We report here 7-year follow up of our novel high dose regimen of busulfan and melphalan followed by bortezomib (BuMelVel). Forty-three MM patients received BuMelVel high dose therapy with pharmacokinetic adjusted busulfan. Outcomes were compared to a matched control cohort from the CIBMTR database (n = 162) receiving MEL200. The primary endpoint was progression free survival. Five year PFS was 47% v 30% (95% CI; 32-62) in favor or the BuMelVel group (95% CI; 23-37) (p = 0.05). In multivariate analysis for PFS, BuMelVel (HR 0.65; 95% CI 0.44-0.97)(p = 0.036) was predictive. Similar to recent reports of double alkylator therapy, although depth of response was similar between the BuMelVel group and MEL200, the BUMELVEL group experienced an improved PFS.

Document Type

Article

PubMed ID

32865474

DOI

10.1080/10428194.2020.1811275

Link to Full Text

 

Share

COinS