Ebeledike C, Ahmad T. Pediatric Pneumonia. In: StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; August 12, 2020.
Globally, pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children younger than the age of 5 years. Although the majority of deaths attributed to pneumonia in children are mostly in the developing world, the burden of disease is substantial, and there are significant healthcare-associated costs related to pneumonia in the developed world.