Identifying characteristics and outcomes in youth with obesity and developmental disabilities
Rubin MB, Miller CM, Bauer SC, Ariza AJ, Binns HJ. Identifying characteristics and outcomes in youth with obesity and developmental disabilities. Disabil Health J. 2021;14(2):100988. doi:10.1016/j.dhjo.2020.100988
BACKGROUND: Youth with developmental disability are at increased risk of obesity; literature focusing on the two is rare.
OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics and outcomes of youth presenting for obesity care having a disability as compared to without.
METHODS: A medical record review of youth aged 2-18 years initiating obesity care 2013-2015 at a tertiary care obesity management program. Youth were grouped by disability status to identify differences in presenting characteristics and factors associated with a reduction in body mass index (BMI) percent of the 95th BMI percentile (BMIp95) over 12 months. Logistic regression (LR) models examined associations with BMIp95 drop (
RESULTS: Of 887 subjects, 253 (28.5%) had a disability. At presentation, youth with disability were more often (p < 0.01) male (58.5% versus 47.9%), had birth weight
CONCLUSION: Youth with developmental disabilities were as successful in obesity care as those without disabilities. Predictors of success differed between the groups.