Prioritization of pediatric palliative are field-advancement activities in the United States: Results of a national survey
Feudtner C, Faerber JA, Rosenberg AR, Kobler K, Baker JN, Bowman BA, Wolfe J, Friebert S. Prioritization of Pediatric Palliative Care Field-Advancement Activities in the United States: Results of a National Survey. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2021 Jan 21:S0885-3924(21)00028-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2021.01.007. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33485936
BACKGROUND: The field of pediatric palliative care (PPC) continues to encounter challenges and opportunities to improving access to high-quality PPC services. In early 2019, a workshop identified eleven potential "next step" actions, and subsequently a national survey-based poll of members of the PPC community was conducted to prioritize these potential actions in terms of their "actionable importance."
METHODS: Invitations to the survey were distributed in October 2019 to interdisciplinary PPC health care professionals via email to two major listservs, one hosted by the Section of Hospice and Palliative Medicine of the American Academy of Pediatrics, the other by the Center to Advance Palliative Care. Respondents rated the "actionable importance" of items relative to each other via a discrete choice experiment. Median importance scores are reported for each item.
RESULTS: 177 individuals responded to the survey. The majority (62.2%) were physicians, with nurses (16.4%), advanced practice nurses (7.9%), and social workers (7.3%) being the other most common responders. The top 5 potential actions, in descending rank order, were: Determine what parents value regarding PPC (median score of 17.8, out of a total score of all items of 100); Define and disseminate core primary PPC curriculum (median, 15.3); Develop PPC national representation strategy and tactics (median, 12.3); Create PPC-specific program development toolkit (median, 10.9); and, Analyze payment and financing ratios (median, 9.6).
CONCLUSIONS: Those seeking to advance the field of PPC should take into account the findings from this study, which suggest that certain actions are more likely to have a beneficial impact on moving the field forward.