Effects of fenoldopam in the pediatric population: fluid status, serum biomarkers, and hemodynamics: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Villarreal EG, Rausa J, Chapel AC, Loomba RS, Flores S. Effects of Fenoldopam in the Pediatric Population: Fluid Status, Serum Biomarkers, and Hemodynamics: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Pediatr Intensive Care. 2021 Jun;10(2):118-125. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1714704. Epub 2020 Aug 10. PMID: 33884212; PMCID: PMC8052110.
Fluid overload is a frequent complication in children during critical illness. Fluid restriction and diuretic agents have been the mainstay therapies so far. Fenoldopam, a selective dopamine-1 receptor agonist, is a diuretic agent with promising effects in the pediatric population. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the outcomes of pediatric patients who received fenoldopam. We hypothesized that the administration of fenoldopam will cause an increase in urine output and decrease in serum creatinine in this patient population. A comprehensive database search of PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane libraries from the databases' inception through December 2018 was undertaken. Independent reviewers selected appropriate studies and the reviewed data. A meta-analysis was then conducted to determine the effects of fenoldopam on hemodynamics, the amount of vasoactive support, and renal function in children under the critical care setting. The selected end points were measured prior to the administration of fenoldopam and 24 hours after the initiation of the infusion: urine output, serum creatinine, serum sodium, inotrope score, heart rate, central venous pressure, systolic blood pressure, and mean blood pressure. Forest plots were generated to demonstrate individual study data as well as pooled data for each end point. A total of five studies (three retrospective cohort studies, two randomized trials) with 121 patients were included for analysis. No significant difference was observed in urine output, inotrope score, systolic blood pressure, or mean blood pressure. There was a statistically significant increase in serum creatinine and central venous pressure. There was statistically significant decrease in serum sodium and heart rate, and central venous pressure. This meta-analysis did not identify significant renoprotective or vasodilator effects from fenoldopam in this patient population. Although mild electrolyte and hemodynamic changes were identified, larger studies are warranted to determine the clinical significance of fenoldopam in this patient population.