Real-world diagnostic testing patterns for assessment of ring sideroblasts and SF3B1 mutations in patients with newly diagnosed lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes


INTRODUCTION: The presence of ring sideroblasts (RS) and mutation of the SF3B1 gene are diagnostic of lower-risk (LR) myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and are correlated with favorable outcomes. However, information on testing and reporting in community-based clinical settings is scarce. This study from the Connect® MDS/AML Disease Registry aimed to compare the frequency of RS and SF3B1 reporting for patients with LR-MDS, before and after publication of the 2016 World Health Organization (WHO) MDS classification criteria.

METHODS: Ring sideroblasts assessment and molecular testing data were collected from patients with LR-MDS at enrollment in the Registry. Patients enrolled between December 2013 and the data cutoff of March 2020 were included in this analysis.

RESULTS: Among 489 patients with LR-MDS, 434 (88.8%) underwent RS assessment; 190 were assessed prior to the 2016 WHO guidelines (Cohort A), and 244 after (Cohort B). In Cohort A, 87 (45.8%) patients had RS identified; 29 (33.3%) patients had RS < 15%, none of whom underwent molecular testing for SF3B1. In Cohort B, 96 (39.3%) patients had RS identified; 31 (32.3%) patients had < 15% RS, with 13 undergoing molecular testing of which 10 were assessed for SF3B1.

CONCLUSIONS: In the Connect® MDS/AML Registry, only 32% of patients with

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