Regional disparities in the use of septal reduction therapy and associated outcomes in the United States (from a real-world database)
Ashraf M, Jahangir A, Jan MF, Tajik AJ. Regional Disparities in the Use of Septal Reduction Therapy and Associated Outcomes in the United States (from a Real-World Database). Am J Cardiol. 2023;191:51-58. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2022.12.008
The regional differences in the use of septal reduction therapies and the associated outcomes in patients with Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) are unknown. The primary objective of our study was to evaluate the regional disparities in the use of septal reduction therapies, including septal myectomy and alcohol septal ablation, in patients with HOCM. The secondary objective was to analyze the regional differences in the outcomes in these patients. Patients with HOCM had 87% higher risk-adjusted odds of getting septal myectomy (adjusted odds ratio 1.87, p = 0.03) and 37% lower risk-adjusted odds of getting alcohol septal ablation (adjusted odds ratio 0.63, p = 0.03) in the Midwest than in the Northeast. The in-hospital mortality rate was higher for patients who underwent septal myectomy in the South versus the Northeast on the unadjusted analysis. These differences persisted despite the adjustment for demographic and clinical characteristics. Additional adjustment for hospital volume partially explained these disparities, but the adjustment for both hospital volume and hospital teaching status completely explained these disparities. The risk-adjusted in-hospital mortality in patients who underwent alcohol septal ablation was similar in the South versus other regions. In conclusion, regional disparities may exist in the use of septal myectomy and alcohol septal ablation, and patients with HOCM should be referred to high-volume teaching hospitals for septal myectomy for better outcomes, which may also eliminate the extra burden of hospital mortality in the South.
Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke's Medical Centers