The role of artificial intelligence in hastening time to recruitment in clinical trials


Novel and developing artificial intelligence (AI) systems can be integrated into healthcare settings in numerous ways. For example, in the case of automated image classification and natural language processing, AI systems are beginning to demonstrate near expert level performance in detecting abnormalities such as seizure activity. This paper, however, focuses on AI integration into clinical trials. During the clinical trial recruitment process, considerable labor and time is spent sifting through electronic health record and interviewing patients. With the advancement of deep learning techniques such as natural language processing, intricate electronic health record data can be efficiently processed. This provides utility to workflows such as recruitment for clinical trials. Studies are starting to show promise in shortening the time to recruitment and reducing workload for those involved in clinical trial design. Additionally, numerous guidelines are being constructed to encourage integration of AI into the healthcare setting with meaningful impact. The goal would be to improve the clinical trial process by reducing bias in patient composition, improving retention of participants, and lowering costs and labor.



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