primary care, older adults, geriatrics, home-based care, house visits, hospitalization
Home-based primary care (HBPC) is a clinical practice that is being increasingly utilized for the homebound older adult population. As the age demographics in the United States shift over time, these programs will need to be expanded to accommodate the growing aging population. This narrative review aims to compile studies on the benefits of HBPC from the perspective of homebound older adult patients, caregivers, and the health care providers who practice HBPC. Studies were identified through PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar, and a total of 10 papers were included in this review. Identified benefits of HBPC for homebound older adult patients included improved relationships, peace of mind, goal attainment, improved access to care, and avoidance of hospitalization. Benefits for caregivers included providing emotional support, informational support, and easing logistical challenges. Benefits for providers included improved patient care by addressing social determinants of health, improved rapport with patients, and improved provider wellness and attitude. The main limitation of this review is the lack of adequate research on this topic, specifically from the perspective of providers other than resident physicians and nurse practitioners such as nurses and community health workers. As the U.S. population of older adults continues to grow over the coming decades, the need for more home-based medicine should not be seen as a burden but rather as an opportunity to transform and humanize the way medicine is practiced.
Sabetfakhri NN. Homebound older adult, caregiver, and provider perspectives on the benefits of home-based primary care: a narrative review. J Patient Cent Res Rev. 2023;10:239-46. doi: 10.17294/2330-0698.2048
April 11th, 2023
July 5th, 2023