diabetes education, low socioeconomic status, type 2 diabetes mellitus, glycemic control
Diabetes self-management education (DSME) improves glycemic control, but patients with low socioeconomic status face institutional and personal barriers to receiving DSME. A retrospective single cohort study of a 2-hour group DSME program prioritizing accessibility and completion of a tightly focused curriculum was performed to determine if glycemic control improved and whether a longer, more comprehensive, prospective evaluation of the program is indicated. All patients who participated in the program from September 2017 to December 2018 were included in the analysis. The primary study endpoint was change in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) from baseline. A total of 58 out of 94 patients (61.7%) had paired measurements of HbA1c. Mean HbA1c improved from 9.8% ± 2.2% (83.5 ± 24.2 mmol/mol) to 8.3% ± 2.0% (67.7 ± 22.0 mmol/mol) at a median of 4 months after participation in the program (P < 0.001). The proportion of patients with any improvement in HbA1c was 75.9% (44 of 58; P = 0.003), and 65.5% of patients (38 of 58; P = 0.066) had an improvement in HbA1c of ≥ 0.5%. These results demonstrate the benefit of highly targeted DSME for low-income patients and justify a longer-term and prospective evaluation of the program.
Jakoby MG 4th, Schleder M, Luff V, Yergler C, Botchway A, Burns C. A 2-hour diabetes self-management education program for patients with low socioeconomic status improves short-term glycemic control. J Patient Cent Res Rev. 2020;7:275-81. doi: 10.17294/2330-0698.1745
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January 8th, 2020
February 24th, 2020