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Author Guidelines

Contents

  • Standard Formatting Requirements
  • Submission Categories
  • Reference Requirements
  • Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion
  • Who Can Submit?
  • General Submission Rules
  • Publisher
  • Standard Formatting Requirements

  • Title
  • Author names and highest academic degree
  • Abstract (if applicable)
  • Content (see submission formats below)
  • Five key words
  • Author relevant institutional affiliations
  • Conflict of interests
  • Acknowledgements
  • Corresponding author (name and contact information)
  • Sponsor's Roles (if applicable): Describe the sponsor's role in the design, methods, subject recruitment, data collections, analysis and preparation of paper.
  • Funding (if applicable)
  • References: AMA Format and DOI for each reference required.
  • JGEM encourages authors to use figures whenever possible to help illustrate their work and outcomes. Color figures in high resolution are highly preferred.

    Submission Categories

    Each category has specific guidelines which are listed below. Authors must ensure their work adheres to the limits of the chosen submission type:

    1. Original Research/Clinical Investigations

  • Quality Improvement, Models of Care, Program Dissemination: 3000 words with a structured abstract. This section devoted to system level work to improve quality, safety, and value of healthcare. As such the editors direct the reporting of new knowledge to follow the SQUIRE 2.0 Guidelines. 6- 20 references should follow AMA format.
  • Education and Training: 1000 words with a narrative abstract. This section is devoted to descriptions of novel programs to increase the use of geriatrics principles in the emergency department care of older adults. 6-20 references should follow AMA style.
  • Ethics: 1000 words with a narrative abstract. These essays should provide a case scenario which is followed by a short essay outlining the corresponding ethical principles and the implications in clinical practice. 6-20 reference should follow AMA style.
  • Health Policy and Economics: 1000 words with a narrative abstract. These essays should provide a case scenario which is followed by a short essay outlining the corresponding health policy or economic implications. Authors are encouraged to point out proposed policy changes and implications for older adults. 6-20 reference should follow AMA style.
  • Global GEM: 1000 words with a narrative abstract. These essays should provide a case scenario which is followed by a short essay outlining the unique systems of care in the context of their country. Describe barriers for change in America as well as the implications for practice change in the American health care system. 6-20 reference should follow AMA style.
  • 2. Review Article

    3000 words. These papers provide a review of important issues in the care of older adults in the Emergency Department. An interdisciplinary perspective is important. The reviews should be based on evidence in the literature. The manuscripts may additionally highlight aspects of the medical literature in which the evidence does not exist. Features should include:

  • Narrative Abstract: 300 words
  • Box 1: A case scenario with key questions that form the foundation of the essay.
  • Introduction
  • Brief background
  • Box 2: Key clinical aspects: the clinical presentation, the medication management issues, the social needs of the patient, the behavioral health needs of the patient, the most challenging aspects for the patients and family caregivers, the most challenging aspects for the staff caring for the patient.
  • Box 3: Follow up of the case scenario with a short explanation of the questions posed in Box 1.
  • 3. Topic Supplement

    The purpose of this section is to concisely describe a focused topic which will be relevant to the care of vulnerable older patients in the emergency department. It is typically one to two pages ranging from 500 to 1,000 words. No abstract is required. Features should include:

  • A narrative introduction (1-2 paragraphs) describing the background and importance of the topic. Please include facts and evidence describing the clinical problem.
  • Followed by approximately 6-10 practical recommendations (bullet points with best practice) for ED providers in addressing the older patents’ clinical needs.
  • There should be 2-4 references in the AMA format.
  • 4. Collective Wisdom: Editorial

    1500 words. No abstract required. This section is devoted to highly relevant or controversial issues pertinent to older adults in the emergency department. 10 references should follow AMA format.

    5. Brief Report

    2000 words. Narrative abstract. This section is devoted to case series or case control trials which describe the preliminary evidence for practice change. The authors should follow the same format as the Clinical Investigations, but with a succinct background, methods, results and discussion. 20 references should follow AMA format.

    6. Clinical Case Report

    Maximum of 1500 words. This section is devoted to a detailed report of the symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of an older adult seen in the emergency department. Case reports highlight geriatric principles of care and typically describe an unusual or novel occurrence. Some reports contain an extensive review of the relevant literature on the topic. The case report is a rapid, short communication between busy clinicians who may not have time or resources to conduct large-scale research. Refer to this CARE Checklist and visit The Care Guidelines for more information. 6- 20 references should follow AMA format.

    Reference Requirements

    Please provide a DOI for each reference, as this improves our readers’ ability to find your paper.

    Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of all References. In the manuscript, cite references using super-scripted Arabic numbers. Number all references in the sequence in which they first appear in the text. Do not italicize or add periods to the names of the journals. Include only references that are accessible to all readers. For source material obtained online, indicate author, title, website address and date accessed. Do not cite by number or list as a reference personal communications or manuscripts in preparation or submitted for publication. Such material and attribution may be included in the text, if necessary. Abstracts are not acceptable as references unless they have been published in established sources within the preceding 4 years. References to software programs should also be included in the text (“Analyses were performed using SAS, version 6.0 (SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC)”).

    Use the style indicated in the AMA style guide. Abbreviate the title of the journal as done in the Index Medicus or PubMed. Do not italicize or add periods to the names of the journals. Please provide up to six authors’ names. If there are more than six authors, provide three names followed by “et al.” Do not place periods after initials of first and middle names or commas between surnames and first names. Include both the first and last pages of all references. Manuscripts accepted for publication may be referenced with page numbers indicated as 000–000.

    Examples of appropriate reference style:

    1. Journal Article
  • With less than 6 authors: Unroe KT, Carnahan JL, Hickman SE, Sachs GA, Hass Z, Arling G. The Complexity of Determining Whether a Nursing Home Transfer Is Avoidable at Time of Transfer. J Am Geriatr Soc 2018. DOI: 10.1111/jgs.15286 [Epub ahead of print]
  • With more than 6 authors: Mulrow CD, Aguilar C, Endicott JE et al. Quality-of-life changes and hearing impairment: A randomized trial. Ann Intern Med 1990;113:188–194. DOI:10.7326/0003-4819-113-3-188

  • 2. Book Chapter
  • Davidson JM. Sexuality and aging. In: Hazzard WR, Andrew R, Bierman EL et al., eds. Principles of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, 2nd Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1990, pp 108–118.

  • 3. Book
  • Kane RL, Ouslander JG, Abrass IB. Essentials of Clinical Geriatrics, 2nd Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1990.

  • 4. Online
  • ACR Fact Sheet. Osteoarthritis 2000. American College of Rheumatology (online). Available at: www.rheumatology.org/patients/factsheets/oa/html. Accessed August 23, 2002.
  • Diversity, Equity, & Inclusion

    (Required for Clinical Case Reports, Original Research/Clinical Investigations, Review Articles, and Brief Reports.)

    Describe in the methods, results, and discussion how you addressed issues of diversity, equity, and inclusion in your study. Diversity has many dimensions, including but not limited to race, ethnicity, sex, gender identity, income, wealth, ability, function, sexual orientation, and other measures of advantage/disadvantage. Describe how the decisions you made affect interpretation of the results. Please refer to the AMA style guideline for reporting of race and ethnicity.

    Example Statement:

  • Methods: The target population was long-stay nursing home residents over age 65. The sample population was drawn from residents of 7 nursing homes located in the Southwestern United States. Nursing homes were selected for the racial and ethnic diversity of residents. Surveys were conducted in English and Spanish to enhance recruitment of Latinx nursing home residents.
  • Results: The sample was 87% white, 3% Black, and 10% Latinx; 70% were female.
  • Discussion: Our sample was limited to a single geographic region of the United States. A strength of our study was the high proportion of Latinx nursing home residents, a growing and understudied segment of the nursing home population. However, Blacks were under-represented in our sample due to lower recruitment from nursing homes caring for a high proportion of Black residents, suggesting that greater outreach was needed. The breakdown by gender is reflective of the US nursing home population.
  • Who Can Submit?

    Anyone may submit an original article to be considered for publication in Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine provided he or she owns the copyright to the work being submitted or is authorized by the copyright owner or owners to submit the article. Authors are the initial owners of the copyrights to their works (an exception in the non-academic world to this might exist if the authors have, as a condition of employment, agreed to transfer copyright to their employer).

    General Submission Rules

    Please provide names and email addresses for 2-3 peer reviewers you would like to suggest to review your paper.

    Submitted articles cannot have been previously published, nor be forthcoming in an archival journal or book (print or electronic). Please note: "publication" in a working-paper series does not constitute prior publication. In addition, by submitting material to Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine, the author is stipulating that the material is not currently under review at another journal (electronic or print) and that he or she will not submit the material to another journal (electronic or print) until the completion of the editorial decision process at Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine. If you have concerns about the submission terms for Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine, please contact the editors.

    Papers are released online prior to a quarterly publication. JGEM does not accept duplicate publications for submission. All final submissions must adhere to the formatting requirements listed above. Although bepress can provide limited technical support, it is ultimately the responsibility of the author to produce an electronic version of the article as a high-quality PDF (Adobe's Portable Document Format) file, or a Microsoft Word, WordPerfect or RTF file that can be converted to a PDF file.

    Publisher

    Journal of Geriatric Emergency Medicine is published by Advocate Aurora Health.