The dominant culture across North America, Europe and Australia has been characterized by workers in hospice and palliative care as ‘death denying’ or ‘death phobic’. The last two decades have seen a significant increase in the number of trauma patients with complex background co-morbidities due to advanced age. Effective end-of-life care in trauma requires physicians to begin careful, balanced and sensitive conversations encompassing goals of care and expectation-setting, in the trauma bay. These pointers will help the reader communicate the principles of these clinical decisions clearly to patients and their families.



March 9th, 2023


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June 5th, 2023


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